African leaders to launch continent wide-free trade zone

African Free Trade Zone

JOHANNESBURG (AP) — Several African heads of state gathered in Niger’s capital Sunday to launch a continentwide free trade area that represents an estimated market of $3.4 trillion.

The African Continental Free Trade Area aims to create a single unified market for the continent’s 1.3 billion people and to boost economic development. Plans for the free trade zone received a boost last week when Africa’s largest economy, Nigeria, became the 25th country to ratify the trade agreement.

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The general agreement has been signed by 54 of Africa’s 55 countries, with only Eritrea not signing up.

The location of the zone’s headquarters and a timeline for the start of trading are expected to be announced at the African Union summit in Niger’s capital.

The goal of the new free trade area is to significantly increase trade within Africa. Currently, African countries conduct only 16% of their trade with each other, compared to 65% among European countries, according to the African Union.

Africa already has several smaller regional trading areas, including the East African Community, the Southern African Development Community, the West African Economic Community and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa.

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